Many of the bacteria and viruses that cause meningitis are fairly common and cause other routine illnesses. Both kinds of meningitis spread like most other common infections do — someone who’s infected touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.
What is the main cause of meningitis in children?
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).
This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States. It more commonly causes pneumonia or ear or sinus infections. A vaccine can help prevent this infection.
What is the main cause of meningitis?
Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Viral meningitis is the most common and least serious type. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be very serious if not treated.
How does a child get bacterial meningitis?
Causes of Meningitis in Children
Older infants and children usually develop infection through contact with respiratory secretions (such as saliva or mucus from the nose) containing the bacteria that cause meningitis.
Why are children at risk for meningitis?
Certain age groups are at increased risk of catching meningitis and septicaemia. Young children are particularly at risk because they have less developed immune systems than older age groups. Vaccines allow young children to safely recognise harmful bacteria and provide vital protection for this vulnerable age group.
Can a child survive meningitis?
Out of 1,000 live births, about 0.1 to 0.4 neonates (a baby less than 28 days old) get meningitis, estimates a 2017 review. It’s a serious condition, but 90 percent of these babies survive.
Can a child get meningitis if vaccinated?
Types of meningitis: viral and bacterial
Bacterial meningitis (several types of bacteria are involved) is a very serious disease. It occurs rarely in developed countries (because of the success of vaccines), but when it does occur, children under the age of two are at greatest risk.
How do I know if my child has meningitis?
Common signs & symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia in babies and toddlers.
- Fever, cold hands and feet.
- Refusing food and vomiting.
- Fretful, dislike being handled.
- Drowsy, floppy, unresponsive.
- Rapid breathing or grunting.
- Pale, blotchy skin. Spots/rash.
- Unusual cry, moaning.
- Tense, bulging fontanelle (soft spot)
Who is generally at highest risk for meningitis Why?
Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.
What are the 3 types of meningitis?
Types of meningitis
- Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. …
- Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. …
- Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. …
- Parasitic meningitis. …
- Non-infectious meningitis.
Can you get meningitis from daycare?
Fortunately, none of the bacteria that cause meningitis are as contagious as things like the common cold or the flu, and they are not spread by casual contact or by simply breathing the air where a person with meningitis has been.
Can a baby be born with meningitis?
In the United States, there are roughly 300 to 400 cases of neonatal meningitis for every 100,000 live births. A rare type of meningitis, this often life-threatening condition affects newborns and is caused by various bacteria, including group B strep, E.
Does meningitis go away?
Viral meningitis will usually get better on its own and rarely causes any long-term problems. Most people with bacterial meningitis who are treated quickly will also make a full recovery, although some are left with serious long-term problems.
What gender is most affected by meningitis?
Meningococcal meningitis primarily affects infants, children, and young adults. Males are affected slightly more than females, and account for 55% of all cases, with an incidence of 1.2 cases per 100,000 population, compared to 1 case per 100,000 population among females.
What age group gets meningitis?
Risk Factors for Meningitis
Anyone can get meningitis, but research shows that it’s more common in these age groups: Children under 5. Teenagers and young adults ages 16-25. Adults over 55.