Is it bad if my baby has a small head?

Severe microcephaly is a more serious, extreme form of this condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than expected. Severe microcephaly can result because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy, or the brain started to develop correctly and then was damaged at some point during pregnancy.

Can babies have small heads normal?

Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital). Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and an intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.

When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?

When should my baby’s head circumference be measured? The WHO guidance advises that: “Head circumference should be measured around birth, at the 6-8 week check up and at any time after that if there are any worries about the child’s head growth or development”.

Should I worry if my baby has a small head?

When to see a doctor

Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.

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Does a small head always mean microcephaly?

Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition.

Does small head mean small brain?

Even though head size also depends on factors such as the muscularity of the head and thickness of the bone, it’s very likely that a bigger head means a bigger brain. But Hurlburt says people with bigger brains aren’t necessarily smarter than those with smaller ones.

What happens if head circumference is small?

Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …

Can microcephaly be seen on ultrasound?

Microcephaly may be diagnosed during pregnancy with ultrasound. Microcephaly is most easily diagnosed by ultrasound late in the second trimester or early in the third trimester of pregnancy.

What does baby head size indicate?

Head circumference is measured because it’s an easy way to tell if there’s a potential problem or if something needs to be watched. For example, if the head grows too fast, it could sign hydrocephalus or water on the brain. If the head grows too slowly, it could be a sign of microcephaly or a smaller head than normal.

At what age is microcephaly diagnosed?

Diagnosis. Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy. Often diagnosis is made at birth or at a later stage.

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How can I help my baby’s head grow?

Put your baby on your chest on their tummy facing you and softly talk to them to try to encourage them to lift their head. Put your baby, belly down, on your thighs and gently rub their back. Holding your baby upright over your shoulder while gently supporting their head also strengthens their neck and back muscles.

What can cause a baby head not to grow?

Microcephaly is a rare nervous system disorder that causes a baby’s head to be small and not fully developed. The child’s brain stops growing as it should. This can happen while the baby is still in the mother’s womb or within the first few years of birth.

Can babies outgrow microcephaly?

Microcephaly is a lifelong condition that has no cure. Treatment focuses on preventing or reducing problems and maximizing a child’s abilities. Children born with microcephaly need to see their healthcare team often. They will need tests to track the growth of the head.