Donated breast milk is very safe; it comes from mothers that have pumped more milk than their own baby can eat. … Each container of milk is also tested for harmful bacteria. The donor milk is then pasteurized to eliminate any infecting organism that could be present in the milk.
What are the risks of using donor breast milk?
Risks for the baby include exposure to infectious diseases, including HIV, to chemical contaminants, such as some illegal drugs, and to a limited number of prescription drugs that might be in the human milk, if the donor has not been adequately screened.
Is it safe to accept donated breast milk?
There is a potential risk that the milk may be contaminated with viruses such as HIV or bacteria which can cause food poisoning. In addition, traces of substances such as prescription and non-prescription drugs can be transmitted through human milk.
What happens if a baby drinks someone else’s breast milk?
What are the risks of cross-nursing? Infectious diseases: Some diseases, such as HIV, can be transmitted through breast milk. Other diseases, such as thrush, can be passed along through physical contact – a yeast infection in the other mom’s nipples can cause thrush in your baby’s mouth.
Can babies get sick from donor milk?
In a survey on 650 mothers from the American Academy of Pediatrics found that more than 50 percent were not concerned about the safety of sharing breast milk. But breast milk can expose infants to disease or drugs or other substances ingested by the donor.
How much does donor breast milk cost?
The cost of donor milk varies but is generally estimated as $3-5 per ounce, which includes both direct costs such as screening of donors, and processing and pasteurizing of breast milk, and indirect costs such as research and infrastructure.
Can breast milk carry diseases?
Three viruses (CMV, HIV, and HTLV-I) frequently cause infection or disease as a result of breast-milk transmission. Reasonable guidelines have been pro-posed for when and how to avoid breast milk in the case of maternal infection.
Is donated breastmilk tested?
The donors are strictly screened and tested for diseases such as HIV or Hepatitis B and C – any blood-borne disease. The milk is handled hygienically and pasteurized – killing all known pathogens in breast milk.
Is it illegal to breastfeed someone else’s child?
Cal. Civil Code § 43.3 (1997) allows a mother to breastfeed her child in any location, public or private, except the private home or residence of another, where the mother and the child are otherwise authorized to be present. Cal.
How do you pasteurize donor breast milk?
Once you have the bottles wash them. Using the dishwasher is fine. Next, thaw the donated breast milk if it’s frozen, then pour 5 ounces into each bottle and screw on the cap. If you bought 8 glass bottles, you can pasteurize 40 ounces of breast milk at a time.
Should I pasteurize donated breast milk?
Background: A mother’s own milk (MOM) is the gold standard for the feeding and nutrition of preterm and full term infants. When MOM is not available or there is not enough, donor human milk (DHM) should be used. Milk delivered to Human Milk Banks (HMBs) should be pasteurized to inactivate viral and bacterial agents.
Is donated breast milk better than formula?
And in most other areas comparing formula to donor milk, the WHO report finds either no significant difference, or a difference in favor of formula. For example, infants fed formula have greater short-term increases in weight and head circumference than those on donor milk.