If a baby is infected with malaria, the baby might develop symptoms of fever, irritability, feeding problems, breathing problems, sluggishness, paleness, anemia, an enlarged liver and spleen, jaundice, and diarrhea in the weeks after birth.
How do you know if you have malaria when pregnant?
Symptoms of malaria include fever, myalgias, chills, headaches and malaise. Anemia is prominent. Infected red blood cells can adhere to the microvasculature in the lungs and brain and cause endothelial damage leading to the severe manifestations of the disease.
What are the causes of malaria during pregnancy?
Affiliations. Pregnant women are susceptible to malaria during pregnancy. Plasmodium falciparum, which sequesters in the placenta, causes the greatest disease, contributing significantly to maternal and infant mortality.
How do I treat malaria in pregnancy?
Medications that can be used for the treatment of malaria in pregnancy include chloroquine, quinine, atovaquone-proguanil, clindamycin, mefloquine (avoid in first trimester), sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (avoid in first trimester) and the artemisinins (see below).
At what month can a pregnant woman take malaria drugs?
The National malaria control program,6,7 recommends two doses of IPT-SP during normal pregnancy; the first dose to be administered at quickening, which ensures that the woman is in the second trimester, and the second dose given at least one month from the first.
Can a pregnant woman have malaria without symptoms?
Pregnant women are at greater risk of acquiring malaria infection and developing symptomatic and complicated malaria disease than their non-pregnant counterparts . Malaria infection during pregnancy, with or without symptoms, is a known cause of maternal anemia –.
What is the best malaria drug for a pregnant woman?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now recommends the antimalarial drug mefloquine for pregnant women both as a malaria treatment option and as an option to prevent malaria infection for all trimesters. Previously mefloquine was not recommended for the treatment of malaria in pregnant women.
Is paracetamol safe in pregnancy?
Can I take paracetamol when I’m pregnant? Paracetamol is the first choice of painkiller if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. It’s been taken by many pregnant and breastfeeding women with no harmful effects in the mother or baby.
Can malaria cause miscarriage?
Symptomatic malaria increased the risk of miscarriage to one in two pregnancies; for asymptomatic malaria, the risk of miscarriage was one in three pregnancies.