Human breastmilk is a very poor source of vitamin D, usually containing less than 50 IU per quart. This is why the AAP recommends all breastfed infants receive 400 IU per day vitamin D by supplement drops.
What vitamins does breast milk lack?
Overall, human breast milk has been found to be low in certain nutrients in developed countries: vitamin D, iodine, iron, and vitamin K. Additional nutrient deficiencies have been documented in resource-poor countries: vitamin A, vitamin B 12, zinc, and vitamin B 1/thiamin.
Does breast milk have more vitamin D than formula?
Whole human milk contains a vitamin D concentration of 15.26 IU/L, of which 12 IU is derived from the lipid fraction. This value is much lower than that in cow milk (204.400 IU/L)9-11). Although an infant is formula fed, it cannot be automatically assumed that the infant is adequately supplied with vitamin D.
Can babies get too much vitamin D?
Vitamin D toxicity in infants is not uncommon, and has been reported as early as the 1930s, usually due to antirachitic treatment with very high doses of vitamin D.
Does baby need vitamin D?
Your baby needs vitamin D to absorb calcium and phosphorus. Too little vitamin D can cause rickets, a softening and weakening of bones. Since sun exposure — an important source of vitamin D — isn’t recommended for babies, supplements are the best way to prevent vitamin D deficiency.
How can I increase vitamin D in my breast milk?
To avoid developing a vitamin D deficiency, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and American Academy of Pediatrics recommend breastfed and partially breastfed infants be supplemented with 400 IU per day of vitamin D beginning in the first few days of life.
What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in babies?
So do babies developing in the womb. Vitamin D helps us absorb calcium. Serious vitamin D deficiency in children can cause rickets, delayed motor development, muscle weakness, aches and pains, and fractures.
What foods are high in vitamin D?
Good sources of vitamin D
- oily fish – such as salmon, sardines, herring and mackerel.
- red meat.
- egg yolks.
- fortified foods – such as some fat spreads and breakfast cereals.
What happens if I forgot to give my baby vitamin D drops?
A: You should give the drops once a day, every day. But, if you forget one day, it is all right. The vitamin D is stored in the baby and there will be enough to make up for the occasional missed day. Q: If I give the vitamin drops to the baby, will the baby not want to breastfeed?
How much vitamin D does a breastfeeding mother need to take?
An “adequate” intake for nursing mothers is not the 400 IU/d the IOM recommends, but is instead in the range of 5,000-6,000 IU/d, taken daily. If they get that much, they will meet not only their own needs, but their infant’s as well.
Do vitamin D drops upset baby stomach?
For partially breastfed infants or formula-fed infants who do not drink 1 liter of formula each day, the doctor may prescribe a much smaller dose. Too much vitamin D can cause nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, joint pain, confusion, and fatigue.
Can I take vitamin D instead of my baby?
Dr. Bruce Hollis is the lead author of a 2015 study that concluded that supplementing the mothers of exclusively breastfed babies with 6400 IU vitamin D per day is a safe and effective alternative to directly supplementing babies with 400 IU vitamin D per day.
Can vitamin D drops make baby fussy?
Many parents are surprised to discover their health care providers recommending vitamin drops for their nursing babies. Vitamin D is one vitamin that your breastfed baby may need. … Sometimes, however, these herbs can cause increased fussiness in a breastfed baby.